Limit of (a^x-1)/x as x approaches 0: Formula, Proof

The limit of (a^x-1)/x as x approaches 0 is equal to 1. The limx -> 0 (ax-1)/x formula is given by

$\lim\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{a^x-1}{x}=\ln a$

where ln a = logea. In this post, we will learn to prove the limit of (ax-1)/x when x tends to zero.

Limit of (a^x-1)/x as x approaches 0

Limx → 0 (ax -1)/x

Prove that limx → 0 (ax -1)/x = ln a.

Answer:

As ax = ex lna, the given limit limx → 0 (ax -1)/x can be written as follows.

$\lim\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{e^{x \ln a}-1}{x}$

= $\ln a \lim\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{e^{x \ln a}-1}{x\ln a}$

[ Let xlna =t. Then t→0 when x→0 ]

= $\ln a \lim\limits_{t \to 0} \dfrac{e^{t}-1}{t}$

= $\ln a \times 1$ by the limit formula limx→0 (ex-1)/x = 1.

= ln a

So the limit of (ax -1)/x is equal to lna when x→0.

More Limits:

Limit of x/sinx when x→0

Limit of sinx/x when x→∞

Limit of sin(1/x) when x→0

Limit of sin3x/sin2x when x→0

Limit of tanx/x when x→0

Limit of (cosx-1)/x when x→0

Limit of log(1+x)/x when x→0

FAQs

Q1: What is the limit of (ax-1)/x when x tends to 0?

Answer: The limit of (ax -1)/x when x tends to 0 is equal to lna, that is, limx→0 (ax -1)/x =lna.

Spread the love