Limit of sinx/x as x approaches infinity

The limit of sinx/x as x approaches infinity is equal to zero. That is, limx sinx/x = 0. This can be proved using the Squeeze Theorem of limits which will be done here.

Limit of sinx/x as x goes to infinity

Question: What is the limit of sinx/x when x∞.

Answer: The limit of sinx/x when x tends to infinity is equal to 0.

Proof:

We know that the value of sinx lies between -1 and 1 for any real number x, that is,

-1 ≤ sinx ≤ 1

Dividing by x, we get that

$-\dfrac{1}{x} \leq \dfrac{\sin x}{x} \leq \dfrac{1}{x}$

Taking limit x∞, we obtain that

$-\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} \dfrac{1}{x} \leq \lim\limits_{x \to \infty} \dfrac{\sin x}{x}$ $\leq \lim\limits_{x \to \infty} \dfrac{1}{x}$

⇒ 0 ≤ $\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} \dfrac{\sin x}{x}$ ≤ 0

As $\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} \dfrac{\sin x}{x}$ lies between 0 and 0, it is actually 0. So we obtain that the limit of sinx/x is equal to zero when x goes to infinity. The method used here is known as the Squeeze Theorem of limits.

Read Also: Limit of sinx/x when x→0

Remark:

• Following the same approach as above, we can prove that the limit of sinx/x2 when x→∞ is also equal to 0.
• As -1 ≤ cosx ≤ 1, by the Squeeze Theorem of limits, we get that the limit of cosx/x when x→∞ is equal to 0.

Note that limx sin2x/x = 2 limx $\dfrac{\sin 2x}{2x}$

Let t=2x. Then t∞ when x∞. So we obtain that

limx sin2x/x = 2 limt $\dfrac{\sin t}{t}$ = 2 × 0 (by the above limit)

⇒ limx sin2x/x = 0.

So the limit of sin2x/x as x approaches infinity is equal to 0.

FAQs

Q1: What is the limit of sinx/x as x goes to infinity?

Answer: By Squeeze Theorem, the limit of sinx/x is equal to 0 as x goes to infinity.