Derivative of x^10: Proof by First Principle, Power Rule

The derivative of x^10 (x to the power 10) is 10x9. In this post, we will find the derivative of x10 by the first principle and the power rule of derivatives.

The derivative of x10 is denoted by d/dx (x10), and its formula is given by

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(x^{10})=10x^9$.

Derivative of x^10 by First Principle

Derivative of x^10 by first principle

The derivative of a function f(x) by the first principle is equal to the limit $\dfrac{d}{dx}$(f(x)) = limh→0 $\dfrac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$.

Let us Put f(x)=x10.

Hence the derivative of x10 using the first principle is equal to

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(x^{10})$ = limh→0 $\dfrac{(x+h)^{10}-x^{10}}{h}$

= limh→0 $\dfrac{(x+h)^{10}-x^{10}}{(x+h)-x}$

[Let x+h=t, so that t→x when h→0]

Thus, $\dfrac{d}{dx}(x^{10})$

= limt→x $\dfrac{t^{10}-x^{10}}{t-x}$

= 10x10-1 by the limit formula: limx→a $\dfrac{x^n-a^n}{x-a}$ = nan-1.

= 10x9.

So the derivative of x^10 by the first principle is equal to 10x9.

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Derivative of x^10 by Power Rule

In the power rule of derivatives $\dfrac{d}{dx}(x^n)$ = nxn-1, we put

n=10.

Thus, $\dfrac{d}{dx}(x^{10})$ = 10x10-1 = 10x9.

So the derivative of x^10 by the power rule is 10x9.

Related Topics: Derivative of xn: Formula, Proof

Question-Answer

We now find the derivative of e to the power 10x.

Question: Find the derivative of e10x.

Answer:

Let z=ex. So dz/dx = ex.

By the chain rule of derivatives,

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(e^{10x})=\dfrac{d}{dx}(z^{10})$

= $\dfrac{d}{dz}(z^{10}) \cdot \dfrac{dz}{dx}$

= $10z^{10-1} \cdot e^x$

= 10 e9x ⋅ ex as z=ex

= 10 e10x.

So the derivative of e^{10x} is equal to 10 e10x.

ALSO READ: Derivative of 1/ln(x)

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FAQs

Q1: What is the derivative of x10?

Answer: The derivative of x10 is equal to 10x9.

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