Derivative of x^1/x (x to the power 1/x)

The derivative of x^1/x (x to the power 1/x) is denoted by d/dx(x1/x) and its value is equal to x1/x[1/x2 – 1/x2 ⋅ logex].

The derivative formula of x1/x is given below:

d/dx(x1/x) = x1/x -2 [1 – logex].

Derivative of x^1/x

Let us now learn how to differentiate x1/x.

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Derivative of x to the power 1/x

Question: Prove that d/dx(x1/x) = x1/x -2 [1 – logex].


Let us put


Here we need to find dy/dx. Taking logarithms on both sides, we get that

loge y = loge x1/x

⇒ logey = 1/x ⋅ logex, as we know the logarithm formula logabn = n logab.

Differentiating both sides w.r.t x, we have

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(\log_e y)=\dfrac{d}{dx}(\dfrac{1}{x} \log_e x)$

⇒ $\dfrac{1}{y} \dfrac{dy}{dx}$ $=\dfrac{1}{x} \dfrac{d}{dx}(\log_e x)+\log_e x\dfrac{d}{dx}(\dfrac{1}{x})$, by the product rule of derivatives.

⇒ $\dfrac{1}{y} \dfrac{dy}{dx}$ $=\dfrac{1}{x} \cdot \dfrac{1}{x}+\log_e x \cdot \dfrac{-1}{x^2}$ as we know d/dx(logex) =1/x and the derivative of 1/x is equal to -1/x2.

⇒ $\dfrac{dy}{dx}=y(\dfrac{1}{x^2}-\dfrac{1}{x^2\log_e x}$

= $x^{\frac{1}{x}} \dfrac{1}{x^2} \Big(1-\log_e x \Big)$ as y=x1/x.

= x1/x -2 [1 – logex].

So the derivative of x1/x (x to the power 1/x) is equal to x1/x -2 [1 – logex], and it is obtained by the logarithmic differentiation.

More Derivatives:

Derivative of xx | Derivative of xsinx

Find the derivative of xtanx

Derivative of xcosx

Derivative of sinx/x | Derivative of xlogx


Q1: What is the derivative of x^1/x?

Answer: The derivative of x^1/x (x raised to the power tanx) is equal to x1/x -2 [1 – logex].

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