Solve dy/dx=x-y [General Solution]

The general solution of the differential equation dy/dx=x-y is equal to y=x-1-Ce-x where C is an arbitrary constant. In this post, we will learn how to find the general solution of dy/dx =x-y.

Solution of dy/dx=x-y

Question: Find the genral solution of $\dfrac{dy}{dx}$ =x-y.

Solution:

Let x-y=v.

Differentiating w.r.t x, we get that

$1-\dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{dv}{dx}$

⇒ $\dfrac{dy}{dx}=1-\dfrac{dv}{dx}$

So the given equation dy/dx =x-y becomes

$1-\dfrac{dv}{dx}=v$

⇒ $\dfrac{dv}{dx}=1-v$

⇒ $-\dfrac{dv}{v-1}=dx$

Integrating, $-\int \dfrac{dv}{v-1}=\int dx -K$

$-\ln |v-1|=x-K$

⇒ $\ln |v-1|=-x+K$

⇒ $v-1 =e^{-x+K}$

⇒ $x-y-1 =Ce^{-x}$ where C=eK [as v=x-y]

⇒ $y =x-1-Ce^{-x}$

So the general solution of dy/dx=x-y is equal to y=x-1-Ce-x where C denotes an integral constant.

Related Topics: How to solve dy/dx=x+y

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Solve dy/dx = cos(x+y)

Solve dy/dx = tan(x+y)

Solve dy/dx = sec(x+y)

FAQs

Q1: What is the solution of the differential equation dy/dx=x-y?

Answer: The solution of the differential equation dy/dx=x-y is given by y=x-1-Ce-x where C is a constant.

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