# Introduction to Integral Calculus:

In

**Differential Calculus**, we have learned how to find the derivative/differential of a differentiable function. The study of the inverse method of differential calculus is the main purpose of Integral Calculus. We now understand this with an example.Let `f(x)` be a function with `f'(x)` `=d/dx(f(x))` `=3x^2`. From this information, can we determine `f(x)`? The answer is Yes. Note that `f(x)=x^3` satisfies the condition `d/dx(f(x))` `=3x^2`. We use the theory of Integral Calculus to find `f(x)`.

### Definition and Notation:

Let `f(x)` and `F(x)` be two functions of `x` such that

`d/dx{F(x)}` `=f(x) quad cdots (1)`

Then `F(x)` is called an

**Indefinite Integral**of `f(x)` with respect to `x`.The equation (1) can also be written as

`int f(x) dx=F(x)`

Here `int` is the symbol of integration.

**Summary:**

**(1).**Note that we have

`d/dx{F(x)}` `=f(x)` and `int f(x) dx` `=F(x)`

if and only if

`int d/dx{F(x)} dx =F(x)`

**(2).**Recall that `d/dx(log x)=1/x`

From the definition of integration, `int 1/x dx` `=log x`

**(3).**Again we know that `d/dx(cos x)=-sin x`

Hence, we can have `int sin x dx=-cos x`.

**(4).**We use the theory of integration to find the area of a region bounded by curves.